Community-based Conservation: Is it More Effective, Efficient, and Sustainable?


Author: Dr. Michael A. Rechlin, Dr. Daniel Taylor, Dr. Jim Lichatowich, Dr. Parakh Hoon, Shiva Shankar Pandey and Dr. Bhishma Subedi, Beberly de León and Jesse Taylor.
Publisher: Future Generations Graduate School of Applied Community Change and Conservation
Language: English
Date of Publication: March 2008
Number of Pages: 134
Price: Free

This paper offers an analysis of current thinking and trends in community-based conservation that draws from the scientific literature. It is written to inform the Moore Foundation of the global literature in community-based conservation to help Moore Foundation management understand the issues.

Through a review of current academic literature, combined with specific case studies of community-based conservation, this report distills components for success as well as challenges facing community-based conservation. Five major areas are addressed in this paper:

  • Resource management. Are resources being effectively managedand what management approaches are being used?
  • Economic costs and benefits.
  • Social and community impacts. What are the social costs and benefits that accrue to a community that embraces this approach?
  • Biodiversity conservation. Are community-based approaches toconservation really protecting and enhancing biodiversity?
  • Sustainability analysis: Are community-based approaches to conservation sustainable, and what issues of management or governance threaten its continued success?