Himalayan Bioresources: Volume 1, Issue 2

Volume 1, Issue 2: December-January-February-March 2010/11

Rural Development Series 2010: ANSAB Unveils 5 New Training Packages and 8 New Toolkits

ANSAB has developed five training packages as well as eight practical and easy-to-use toolkits as part of a knowledge gathering process realized with financial support from the blue moon fund (bmf). Having spearheaded the successful creation of 1,166 economic entities (including 68 regional or national processing and marketing enterprises) and pioneered Forest Certification in Nepal, ANSAB has a wealth of knowledge to share with like-minded development practitioners, learners and managers.

The five training packages were prioritized among 18 pre-identified trainings after a thorough assessment of the current and potential demand and supply. These packages present ANSAB’s effective methodologies on Non Timber Forest Products, Forest Certification, and Community based Enterprise Development in a simple, coherent and comprehensive manner. Each training package is briefly presented below. You can download the full brochure and contact us if you want to order any training packages or need further information.

screenshot of NTFP brochure

1. Non Timber Forest Products Management: Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) are important sources of livelihood and income for Nepal’s poor rural communities. Studies on NTFPs management both at national and global levels however conclude that few species of commercial interest are highly exploited while other species are either underused or not explored at all. Over the last two decades, ANSAB has been providing technical and facilitation support at the village, district, national and international levels to promote a more sustainable management of NTFPs and NTFPs-based livelihood opportunities. You can now cost-effectively benefit from this wealth of experience, thanks to this new training package.

Download the full brochure >> (PDF, 332 KB)

screenshot of business planning brochure

2. Business Planning: Grass root level community enterprises play a significant role to uplift community livelihoods and sustainable resource management. A lot of efforts have been put by government and development organizations to establish community level enterprises. Most of the enterprises created in this manner have however either stopped their operation or are performing poorly after completion of the initial development project. This is often due to weaknesses in business planning, namely the lack of a plan that integrates all aspects of the value chain – from input supply to production to marketing of the goods. A sound business plan is also essential to attract more finances by projecting the profitability and success of the enterprises. You can now cost-effectively learn about ANSAB business planning techniques thanks to this new training package.

Download the full brochure >> (PDF, 340KB)

screenshot of entrepreneurship development brochure 3. Entrepreneurship Development: The majority of rural communities in Nepal uses natural resources in a subsistence mode. This approach creates little incentive for the poor to conserve and manage their resources sustainably. As such, they can neither harness the optimum potential of the resources, nor generate good income and employment. The underutilization of natural resources is in fact one of the main reasons for the persistence of rural poverty and degradation of the resource base in the country. In this context, the establishment of natural products enterprises provides tremendous opportunities. You can now cost-effectively learn about ANSAB’s approach to entrepreneurship development thanks to this new training package. Download the full brochure >> (PDF, 307KB)
screenshot of CoC certification brochure 4. Forest and Chain of Custody Certification: The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification is widely regarded as one of the most important tools available to safeguard the world’s valuable forest resources. It was established in 1993 to promote environmentally valuable, socially beneficial and economically viable forest management practices. ANSAB has been a leader in implementing FSC Forest Certification and Chain of Custody (CoC) certification programs in Nepal, and has so far helped to certify 21 community forests comprising 14086 hectare forests, 8 community-based forest enterprises, 19 species, 10 essential oil products and 2 handmade papers (Argeli and Lokta). You can now cost-effectively benefit from this wealth of experience in FSC forest management and CoC certification, thanks to this new training package. Download the full brochure >> (PDF, 350 KB)
screenshot of study tour brochure 5. Study Tour Package: ANSAB takes pride in the success of its biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction programs, and as such regularly helps students, journalists and personnel from different government, nongovernment, and intergovernmental organizations of national and international levels to visit its implementation fields. Because of ANSAB’s exemplary and innovative programs in community based natural resource management, the number of requests for visits has increased over time, making it difficult for the organization to meet the demand. Thanks to this new study tour package, every interested party can now benefit from a tour in a cost-effective manner. Download the full brochure >> (PDF, 387.55 KB)

As a not-for-profit organization with the mission to improve livelihoods and conserve biodiversity throughout South Asia, ANSAB hopes to share its knowledge and experience as widely as possible. It has thus decided to make the toolkits used in the above five training packages available to all free of charge on its website. Successful creation and implementation of NTFP community-enterprise or Forest Certification scheme is a complex matter. Failure to build on the lessons learnt in the past could lead to the creation of unsustainable enterprises or even could imperil the renewal of Nepal’s collective Forest Certification. Although we believe that the toolkits (described below) are of great use by themselves, we strongly recommend that the interested practitioners and organizations in the region also take the relevant multi-day trainings as described above.

screenshot of business planning toolkit 1. Business Planning for Community Based Natural Product Enterprises: This Toolkit offers skills, methods and tools with which the field facilitators can support rural people to prepare and implement the business plan for their enterprises. The purpose is to build the capacity of facilitators and enterprise leaders on how they can support a rigorous process of planning and successful operation of sustainable community-based natural product enterprises.
screenshot of entrepreneurship development toolkit 2. Entrepreneurship Development of Natural Resources Dependent Communities: This Toolkit focuses on developing entrepreneurial skills and capacities of local communities, especially the poorest among them, to promote the development of sustainable community based natural product enterprises. The purpose is to provide guidance in developing and implementing programs on developing entrepreneurship skills and culture at the community level.
screenshot of MIS toolkit 3. Marketing Information System (MIS) for Natural Products: This Toolkit focuses on the process of setting up a marketing information system (MIS) program and the methods of collection, processing and dissemination of information on markets and marketing of natural products. The objective is to provide guidance in developing and implementing the MIS for natural products in order to enhance market transparency and good value chain governance.
screenshot of participatory inventory of NTFPs toolkit 4. Participatory Inventory of Non-Timber Forest Products: This Toolkit provides practical methods and tools to determine total stock and harvestable amount of the selected Non-Timber Forest Product (NTFP)s and derive specific recommendations for forest management interventions. The objective is to provide participatory inventory method that provides a basis for sustainable forest management.
screenshot of participatory biodiversity monitoring toolkit 5. Participatory Biodiversity Monitoring in Community Managed Forests: This Toolkit provides methods and tools needed to generate useful data to periodically assess the biodiversity status and to track the impact of community based forest management on biodiversity. The purpose is to derive important lessons for improving management that promotes the conservation of biodiversity while maximizing the value of forest products and services.
screenshot of LRPs toolkit 6. Development and Mobilization of Local Resource Persons (LRPs): This Toolkit focuses on the process and methods of recruiting, training and mobilizing local resource persons (LRPs) so that development services could be more effectively delivered in rural settings through locally available human resource even beyond the termination of a development project.
screenshot of certification toolkit 7. Certification of Community Managed Forests: This Toolkit focuses on group forest management certification. The major objective of the toolkit is to provide important methods and tools for developing and implementing the Forest Stewardship Council’s (FSC) group forest management certification so that the communities achieve a position of getting recognition and rewards for their good practices, while conserving the forest and biodiversity.
screenshot of CoC certification toolkit 8. Chain of Custody (CoC) Certification for Community Enterprises: This Toolkit provides field practitioners and program managers with up to date methods, tools and techniques for obtaining and implementing the Forest Stewardship Council’s (FSC) Group Chain of Custody certification. The purpose is to enable small companies and cooperatives promote their certified products in national and international markets and get rewarded.
The blue moon fund (bmf) works to build human and natural resilience to a changing and warming world. It uses natural, social, and financial capital to implement new models in high-biodiversity regions around the world. The bmf is characterized by its holistic approach, its risk taking, its nimbleness, and its commitment to cutting-edge ideas in both programs and investments.
Blue Moon Fund Logo

Group photo of participants

Policy-Makers Study Tour Highlights the Challenges Faced by Small Community-Based Forest Enterprises

Small community-based forest enterprises (CBFEs) are facing challenges from production to marketing phases due to the nature of their constitution and conflicting government policies.

The nature of these barriers were exposed during a two day policy makers site visit organized by ANSAB to three different types of CBFEs in Sindhupalchok and Dolakha districts on September 20 and 21, 2010. Twenty-three personnel from the government, nongovernment and intergovernmental organizations, as well as several journalists, participated to the tour. The participants observed three different enterprises – oil distillation, bio-briquette, and handmade paper enterprises, interacted with community entrepreneurs and discussed among themselves. Local entrepreneurs expressed the problems that made their enterprises less competitive than other industries, ranging from getting raw material to marketing final products. They also stated problems of the community decisions on the enterprises, often leading to non-market friendly decisions.

Marketing staff from the oil distillation and bio-briquette enterprises expressed a common obstacle coming from security personnel during the transportation of the finished products. The security personnel would ask them for the documentation over registration of their enterprises. The problem is that these enterprises are not able to register the land because they are not sure whether they need to register their enterprises with Ministry of Forestry and Soil Conservation (MoFSC) or with the Ministry of Industry (MoI). The type of documentation to be presented to both ministries during registration is also not clear. Because the MoFSC deals with community forests and the MoI deal with enterprises, both ministries might require documents from their counterpart during the registration of the industry in a community forest.

There was also a concern stated on obtaining raw materials from the local community forests. Dhruba Basnet, a member of the Board of Bhimeshwor handmade paper enterprise, told the participants that the community members would sell Lokta, a plant used to make handmade paper, to the big industries if they get higher prices than from the local community enterprises. He is in line with Sasi Shakya, the chairperson of the Sikre oil distillation enterprise, who also stated that they were facing competitive disadvantage over the big industries because they are far from the market centers, and they also have to decide on the community level for determining final price of the products. There was a case that a marketing personal of Sikre oil distillation enterprise had to wait for some days in the city, away from his family members, to sell their products when the dealer refused to take the products in the previously stated price.

The importance of the CBFEs for local economies was also realized during the field trip. Dipak Jnawali, a Planning Officer at MoFSC, evaluated that most of the costs and revenues of the community-based enterprises directly went to the community members. The figure was even more than 80% for the bio-briquette and oil distillation enterprises.

Learn more about this project >>


Dried Ginger
Himal. Rhubherb
Indian Valerian
Himalayan rhubarb
Prickly Ash
Rock Foil
Soap Pod
Sweet Flag
Wild Asparagus

November 2010 prices in NRs./Kg. Average of five markets (Kathmandu and Nepalgunj for Nepal; Delhi, Tanakpur, Lucknow and Kolkata for India). Variations calculated from the previous month.

Consult the complete price list (32 products) >>


Capability Statement Screenshot

Capability Statement and Brochure 2010

The Capability Statement is a detailed technical presentation (12 pages) of ANSAB’s programs and achievements. Updated for the first time since 2008, this latest version will be of interest to prospective donors and partners, as well as to every person working in the fields of economic development and biodiversity conservation who wants to know more about our organization.

Download the Capability Statement 2010 >> (PDF, 759 KB)

The Brochure, for its part, is a succinct presentation (6 pages) of ANSAB for a general audience. This entirely new publication will be of interest to the general public or to people working in other development fields but who nonetheless want to know more about our organization.

Download the Brochure 2010 >> (PDF, 1.18 MB)

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Annual Report 2009

ANSAB has just released the electronic versions of its 2009 Annual Report. In addition to the traditional facts & figure about our operations, the report contains project per project updates, two moving cases studies as well as reflexive pieces by our Executive Director about the future of the organization. An update of our Impact Tracking System also reveals that ANSAB’s interventions to date generated sales of NRs 98,118,085 for 13,392 owners (7,171 male and 6,221 female), 7,972 workers (4,243 male and 3,729 female) and 11,076 raw material suppliers (5,785 male and 5,391 female).

Download the Annual Report 2009 >> (2.39 MB)

Malika video screenshot

Aankhijhyal Video Uploaded on ANSAB YouTube Channel

A video documentary broadcasted a few years ago on Nepal Television as part of a program called “Aankhijhyal” was recently uploaded on the ANSAB YouTube Channel. It presents two reports from Bajhang district in western Nepal: the first focuses on successful community-based handmade paper enterprise in Kailash, while the second shows a rural community’s effort to protect the biodiversity of large areas in mid hills and high mountains through the creation of a memorial forest.

Watch the video >>


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ANSAB Presents a Case Study on Ecosystem Services at BirdLife International’s Workshop

Sudarshan Khanal presented a Case Study on Ecosystem Services of Forests in Nepal and Uttarakhand Himalayas at the BirdLife International’s Workshop on ‘Understanding, Assessing and Monitoring Ecosystem Services for Better Biodiversity Conservation’ held in Kathmandu on November 18, 2010. The presentation, based on the paper by Dr. Bhishma P. Subedi and Professor S.P. Singh notably listed the major ecosystem services provided by Nepal and Uttarakhand forests, the quantity of carbon pooled in these forests, as well as the potential services that could be exchanged for payments by the local communities.

Download the presentation >>

Logo of International Year of Biodiversity

ANSAB Staff To Make a Presentation at the Biodiversity, Livelihood and Climate Change in the Himalaya

A paper on ‘Perceived impacts of climate change on forest and biodiversity and its coping strategies in East Nepal’ written by two members of ANSAB’s team, Rijan Tamrakar and Bhuwan Dhakal, was accepted for presentation at the international conference on “Biodiversity, Livelihood and Climate Change in the Himalaya” to be held in Kathmandu, Nepal on 12-14 December, 2010. This paper is prepared on the basis of a study carried out in the Koshi basin of Nepal by the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to document the impacts of climate change perceived by locals and to understand their coping strategies from Tarai to High hills for payments by the local communities.

Learn more about the conference >>


Photo of Mr. Pant

Mr. Radhesh Pant Elected as the New Chairperson of ANSAB’s Board of Director

The last meeting of ANSAB’s Board of Director was held at the organization’s headquarter in Kathmandu, Nepal on August 28-29, 2010. The highlight of the meeting was the election of a new Chairperson Mr. Radhesh Pant to replace Dr. John William Croucher. The Board of Directors also renewed the mandate of Prof. Dr. S. P. Singh, Vice Chancellor of Garhwal University as a vice-chairperson; Mr David Hircock, advisor on natural resources to the Estee Lauder Companies, Inc. as a member; Mr. Nathu P. Choudhary, Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, and Dr. Bhishma P. Subedi, Executive Director of ANSAB as Ex Officio Members.

Chairperson Mr. Radhesh Pant is the Chief Executive Officer of the Kumari Bank Ltd. in Kathmandu and the President of the Nepal Scandinavia Chamber of Commerce & Industry. He has previously served as a President for Nepal Banker’s Association and as a Managing Director for the Bank of Kathmandu Ltd. His numerous experiences within and outside the country make him one of the most prominent figures in Nepal’s financial industry. He notably received the Top CEO Award 2006 and 2007 instituted by BOSS magazine.

The entire staff of ANSAB is grateful to Dr. Croucher, the outgoing Chairperson for his generous contribution over the past several years, and is delighted to welcome Mr. Pant as the new Chairperson. The expertise of all the members of the Board will continue to immensely contribute to the organization’s success in achieving its dual mission of pro-poor economic development and biodiversity conservation.

Learn more about ANSAB Team >>

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ANSAB’s Community-Based Enterprise Approach Featured in the Asia Pacific Mountain Courier

ANSAB’s decade long experience on testing and learning lessons on community-based enterprise approach was featured in the Asia Pacific Mountain Network’s Newsletter (Volume 11, No. 1, October 2010). The article is titled “Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal using a Community-Based Enterprise Approach: A Decade of Testing and Lessons Learned” and authored by our Executive Director Bhishma P. Subedi, Natural Resource Manager Shiva Shankar Pandey, and Economic Development Manager Sushil Gyawali. The article focuses on natural resource management and economic development with the goals of facilitating community-based enterprise development, establishing linkages to value chains, and initiating a certification system to expand the market for valuable Himalayan non-timber forest products.

Download this edition of the Mountain Courier >> (PDF, 6.95 MB)