Himalayan Bioresources: Volume 2, Issue 1

Volume 2, Issue 1: April-May- June-July 2011

photo of watershed

Forest Carbon Stock in Community Forests: ANSAB estimates the current status of carbon stock of the community forests in three watersheds of Nepal

ANSAB has estimated the current level of forest carbon stock of 104 community forests in three watersheds – Kayarkhola of Chitwan district, Charnawati of Dolakha district and Ludhikhola of Gorkha district of Nepal. Currently ANSAB along with two other partners International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), and Federation of Community Forest Users, Nepal (FECOFUN) is implementing a project “Design and setting up of a governance and payment system for Nepal’s Community Forest Management under Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)” in the area since July 2009 with financial support from NORAD. This pilot project aims to  demonstrate the feasibility of REDD payment mechanism in Community Forest (CF) by involving local communities including marginalized groups so that deforestation and forest degradation can be reduced by linking sustainable forest management practices with economic incentives. Further the project focuses on the concerns of indigenous, marginalized people, women, Dalit and local communities dependent on forests by involving them in designing and functioning of a national-level REDD governance and payment mechanism that supports community forestry at grassroots level. As responsible for the technical part of the forest carbon measurement, ANSAB estimated the current level of forest carbon stock in the project sites was to generate baseline information so as to see the carbon stock change over the period and also to demonstrate the REDD incentive distribution and practice of governance process in community forest management system. Earlier in 2010, technicians from ANSAB also prepared a guideline for measuring carbon stock in community managed forests.

Forest carbon measurement in the three watershed areas was performed following international standards. Forest technicians, local resource persons and government officials of all the project areas were given training for the consistency and better quality of the forest carbon measurement. Local communities were also involved in the carbon measurement process with a view to enhance their capacity to measure forest carbon. Measurement of forest carbon in five different pools namely above ground (tree, sapling and seedling), herb, litter, soil and below ground. The total number of permanent plots was determined by conducting 91 pilot plots in two preliminary forest strata; dense (more than 70% canopy cover) and sparse (less than 70% canopy cover) strata. Analysis was done using allometric equations suggested by Brown et al. (1987) and sampling intensity was calculated using method provided by UNFCCC (2009). In all 570 permanent plots were determined based on variance calculated with the help of information from a pilot inventory. Carbon at five pools was estimated. Tree, sapling and regeneration were measured as above ground biomass in circular plots of 8.92 m, 5.64 m and 1 m radii respectively. Herbs grass and leaf-litter and soil organic carbon were measured in circular nested plots of 8.92 m, 5.64 m, 1 m and 0.56 m radii respectively taking into consideration the procedures of IPCC and ensuring that the measurements meet the quality necessary to be eligible for the VCS standards.

The forest carbon stock analysis reveals some interesting facts about forest carbon in the watershed regions. Analysis of the Diameter at Breast Height (DBH) distributions of all strata indicates most of the trees in all the strata are younger and there is potential to enhance forest carbon stock by stimulating tree growth through sustainable management of forest. Analysis of all carbon pools along with belowground biomass shows that forest carbon stocks in dense and sparse strata of Kayarkhola watershed are 296.44 t ha-1 and 256.70 t ha-1 respectively. The largest difference of carbon stock between two strata was found in Charnawati (62 t C/ha) where dense and sparse strata holds 228.56 t ha-1 and 166.75 t ha-1 respectively. Similarly, forest carbon stock in Ludikhola are 216.26 t ha-1 and 162.98 t ha-1 in dense and sparse strata respectively. The data of individual CFUG forest carbon shows that Nibuwatar, Chitramkaminchuli and Deujar of Kayarkhola; Charnawati, Bhitteri and Setidevi-Dadar of Charanawati; and Ludi-Damgade, Ghaledanda-Ranakhola and Gangate-Bahunechaur have highest forest carbon stock in respective watershed as the result of large dense area. There is general trend of increase in carbon stock with increase in altitude in Kayarkhola and Charnawati whereas the trend is reverse in Ludikhola. Aspectwise, East in Kayarkhola, South-East in Charnawati and North in Ludikhola recorded the highest forest carbon stock.

One other learning from the carbon measurement process, local communities can be involved to measure forest carbon, if their capacity on carbon measurement, data analysis, management, and monitoring is increased. It also significantly reduces the cost of the carbon measurement process.

Read the full report >>

Know more about the project >>

The Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad) is a Norwegian state directorate for development cooperation. The agency aims to contribute to effective management of aid funds and ensure that the Norwegian development cooperation is quality assured and evaluated

Green business in the Himalaya
Green Business in the Himalayas: ANSAB produces a video documentary on the organization’s assistance to SMFEs in Nepal

ANSAB has produced a video documentary on the organization’s assistance to small and medium forestry enterprises (SMFEs) in Nepal.

The video features ANSAB assisted enterprises in seven districts of Nepal involved in production and marketing of several non timber forest products including handmade paper, essential oils, juice and bio-briquettes. The video captures the enterprise initiatives and activities in Darchula, Baglung, Myagdi, Parbat, Dolakha, Sindhupalchok and Kathmandu districts, and also includes views from several ANSAB supported entrepreneurs together with Ramesh Tamang of Dolakha, Homlal Pun of Myagdi, Govinda Bishwakarma of Bajhang and Sher Kumari Shrestha of Sindhupalchok. The entrepreneurs took the initiative to establish SMFEs, which are currently creating employment opportunities at local level, and also preventing the locals to go to Kathmandu and Khasa (Tibet) in search of work.  Along with the views from the government officers, local representatives, local collectors, traders, and business persons working closely to the forestry and small community enterprise sectors; the video also captures the principles adopted by ANSAB to support local communities for enterprise development.

The video documentary is 32 minutes long and is produced in English and Nepali versions. The English version is titled as the Green Business in the Himalayas–Pioneering Market-Driven Solutions to Improve Livelihoods and Conserve Biodiversity, and the Nepali version is called Basera Hudaina (staying idle is not an option). The video crew took 32 days of filming and a week of post production for finalizing the video.

ANSAB has uploaded the preview of the english video in its YouTube channel and embedded the code in its website. You can  contact us if you want the full length of the video or need further information.

Watch the preview >>


allo report

Assessment of Allo Production and Enterprise Potential in Parbat District

ANSAB and District Forest Office, Parbat jointly published an assessment report on Allo production and its enterprise potential in Parbat district, with information on supply potential of the species and analysis on the related enterprise opportunities in the district. The assessment was conducted using a combination of Geographic Information System (GIS), participatory community mapping and field inventory in the district. The assessment reveals that Parbat district has moderate potential for Allo enterprises, and the full utilization of the available Allo could generate direct incomes of about NRs. 8,416,454. The potential benefits are even greater if the employment generated by associated activities is counted.

Read the full report >> (PDF, 1.43 MB)

doe-dhunga multiple=

Video on Deo-dhunga Multiple Cooperative, Dolakha Uploaded on ANSAB YouTube Channel

A video documentary – Community Based Forest Enterprises: Deo-dhunga Multiple Cooperative, Dolakha – broadcasted a few years ago on Nepal Television as part of a program called “Aankhijhyal” was uploaded on the ANSAB YouTube Channel. The video shows how the communities can get economic benefits from the community forestry from non – traditional NTFPs as wintergreen with the case of Deo-dhunga Multiple Cooperative, Dolakha district, Nepal.

Watch the video >>













Dried Ginger




Himal. Rhubherb





Indian Gooseberry





Indian Mastiche





Indian Valerian









Prickly Ash





Rock Foil





Soap Nut 31.5




Soap Pod









Sweet Flag





March 2011 prices in NRs./Kg. Average of six markets (Kathmandu and Nepalgunj for Nepal; Delhi, Tanakpur, Lucknow and Kolkata for India). Variations calculated from the previous month.

Consult the price list of 32 products in six different cities in Nepal and India >>


Price trend of Chiretta in selected cities for 2010

Find larger images for price trend of Chiretta and other 30 NTFPs in different cities of Nepal and India for 2010 >>


Bhishma Subedi in Forest Connect workshop

ANSAB Participates in 2nd International Forest Connect Workshop

Executive Director Dr. Bhishma Subedi and Forest Connect Nepal Program Coordinator Sudarshan Khanal participated in the 2nd International Forest Connect Workshop organized jointly by International Institute for Environment and Development (iied), UN FAO, and PROFOR on February 16-18, 2011 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In the workshop Dr. Subedi also presented on ANSAB’s initiatives to support Small Forest Enterprises (SMFEs) in Nepal with three cases of ANSAB’s support to SMFEs for third party certification, expanding urban market of bio-briquettes, and developing responsible value chain of Wintergreen.  The workshop also elected ANSAB as a steering committee member of the Forest Connect.

Download the presentation >> (PDF, 2.45 MB)

Bhishma Subedi presenting in the workshop

ANSAB presents on the Policy & Regulatory Environment for Conservation & Sustainable Use of NTFPs in Nepal

Executive Director Dr. Bhishma Subedi presented on the current policy and regulatory environment for conservation and sustainable use of Non timber forest products (NTFPs) in Nepal in the PROFOR-Word Bank Nepal Forest Sector Review Project Workshop, on December 18, 2010. The presentation identified a vast scope to improve the policy and regulatory environment by: improving policy formulation and revision process; revising and formulating national legislations; improving the implementation practices, especially governance & coordination; and establishing an effective monitoring system.

Download the presentation >> (PDF, 1.65MB)

icimod open house

ANSAB participates in the third annual ICIMOD Open House

ANSAB shared its major publications, success stories and contribution in the field of biodiversity conservation and pro-poor economic development in a stall organized during ICIMOD third annual Open House Day, Saturday March 12th. Major publications including books and manuals, DVDs, brochures, and capability statement were displayed; most publications were distributed free of charge, and some were sold at discounted price to the public during the event.  8-volumed ANSAB Rural Development Toolkit Series 2010 and the Guidelines for measuring carbon stocks in community-managed forests were the main attraction during the Open House.

More than 2,000 people visited the stall of ANSAB. Our Communication incharge  Sudarshan Khanal along with Forestry Officer Rijan Tamrakar and Sweety Thapa oriented the visitors about the organization and its major programs. The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) organized the Open House as part of celebrating the UN International Year of Forests 2011.

Learn more about the Open House >>


ANSAB rural development toolkit series

ANSAB Rural Development Toolkit Series 2010

ANSAB has been continuing its regular dissemination of the 8 volumes of ANSAB Rural Development Toolkit Series to different like-minded development practitioners, learners and managers, after the toolkits were developed in 2010. The organization has already disseminated more than 100 sets of the toolkits to the government, national and international partners, and other organizations working in the field. Some national and international organizations have approached ANSAB to conduct joint training and study programs, after the development and dissemination of the toolkits.

In last October, ANSAB developed the toolkits along with five prioritized training packages to present its effective rural development methodologies to the larger number of development actors. The toolkits and the training packages offer ANSAB’s wealth of knowledge and experience on the field after the successful creation of 1,166 economic entities (including 68 regional or national processing and marketing enterprises) and pioneered Forest Certification in Nepal.

Learn more and download ANSAB Rural Development Toolkit Series 2010 >>

Learn more about trainings >>

Team from Laos

A team from Laos PDR visits ANSAB Headquarters

A team of 16 members representing government, inter-government, non-government organizations, and entrepreneurs from Lao PDR visited ANSAB Headquarters on March 24, 2011. The team earlier visited to ANSAB supported enterprises in Dolakha and Sindhupalchok districts along with the members from another organization called Forest Action Nepal. Pro-poor Economic Development Manager Puspa Ghimire along with Program Officer Kabir Ratna Sthapit briefed the guests on ANSAB’s current and past enterprise oriented activities to promote SMFEs in Nepal.

Know about ANSAB’s pro-poor economic development program >>