Himalayan Bioresources: Volume 3, Issue 2

Volume 3, Issue 2: August-September-October-November 2012

Rural Development Toolkits: Expanding their use in conservation and development programs

ANSAB has recently documented eight practical and easy for use Rural Development Toolkits as a first stage in establishing itself as a Center of Excellence in the development and practical application of rural development strategies in relation to biodiversity conservation and economic development. The toolkits are:

1. Business Planning for Community Based Natural Product Enterprises

2. Entrepreneurship Development of Natural Resources Dependent Communities

3. Marketing Information System (MIS) for Natural Products

4. Participatory Inventory of Non-Timber Forest Products

5. Participatory Biodiversity Monitoring in Community Managed Forests

6. Development and Mobilization of Local Resource Persons (LRPs)

7. Certification of Community Managed Forests

8. Chain of Custody (CoC) Certification for Community Enterprises

ANSAB has also been developing two more most needed toolkits – one on REDD+ and another on value chain analysis and development of natural products – in order to share the organization’s learning to a wide range of development practitioners.

These toolkits offer practical guidance on the key methods, skills and tools in development and conservation program that were developed, tested and refined over the years by working with the local communities, development partners and government agencies. After two years of development, these toolkits are widely disseminated to the likeminded development partners and are also been used in different programs of the partners.

Some examples of application of Rural Development Toolkits

Current application

  • Future Generations Graduate School, USA
    • Developed a joint teaching module with ANSAB for their Master’s Degree of Applied Community Change and Conservation using 3 toolkits
      • Development and Mobilization of Local Resource Persons
      • Participatory Biodiversity Monitoring in Community Managed Forests, and
      • Participatory Inventory of Non-Timber Forest Products.
  • FSC IC
    • Regional Portfolios Project that provides informational material and support services for adapting and distributing materials to smallholders.
      • Certification of Community Managed Forests
      • Chain of Custody Certification for Community Forest Enterprises
  • UN-FAO
    • Community-based Enterprise Development (CBED) Program
  • Forest Connect Program (IIED, UN-FAO, PROFOR)
    • Reference materials for Forest Connect toolkit – Supporting small forest enterprises – a facilitator’s toolkit
  • RECOFTC, Bangkok
    • Interest on the development and conduction of a joint flagship training course on ‘Market oriented approaches in community forestry’

There are also some requests from international level to apply these toolkits in their programs.

A toolkit-sharing-workshop organized last month in Kathmandu with 36 organizations working in conservation and rural development field also showed that these toolkits are relevant, have potential to use in the partner’s programs, and are the base to develop trainings. The toolkits were also described having appropriateness for their customization to apply in agriculture and livestock development programs. A training-needs-preference among the participant organizations during the workshop also revealed that the training baaed on the toolkits on entrepreneurship development and business planning have more relevance and scope for the organizations/programs working in enterprise sectors. Similarly, trainings on certification, participatory inventory and biodiversity monitoring are found with more relevance and scope for the organizations working in biodiversity conservation sector Training on local resource person was found relevant to the organizations working in enterprise, conservation and other sectors as agriculture as well. Customized trainings involving entrepreneurship development and business planning are also preferred by the organizations working in enterprise sector.

Based on the findings of the workshop, ANSAB will be conducting two trainings each on  ’entrepreneurship development and business planning’ and ‘participatory inventory of non-timber forest products’ in October this year. If you and your organization are willing to take trainings on these modules, please feel free to contact us.

Know more about the project

The blue moon fund (bmf) works to build human and natural resilience to a changing and warming world. It uses natural, social, and financial capital to implement new models in high-biodiversity regions around the world. The bmf is characterized by its holistic approach, its risk taking, its nimbleness, and its commitment to cutting-edge ideas in both programs and investments. Blue Moon Fund Logo

Bio-Briquette value chain: ANSAB’s initiation to develop fair bio-briquette value chain in Nepal

Bio-Briquettes are a promising source of alternative energy with a proven record of their effectiveness to increase earnings for the poor, reduce health risks for women and children, maintain carbon pool in forests, and reduce the propagation of invasive alien species. In Nepal, briquettes are produced at smallholder level and are supported by different government and donor agencies for about a decade. Though there was a latent demand of bio-briquette in urban markets and a huge production potential at rural areas, it couldn’t be a commercial venture due to the lack of reliable value chain. ANSAB, in 2007, designed and piloted a project at entire value chain level with the objective of substantially increase the demand for community-produced bio-briquettes in targeted markets of Kathmandu; enhance the production capacities of rural processing enterprises to meet the new demand and increase their revenues; integrate or create processing enterprises in the rural areas to meet the new demand; conserve more hectares of forests and improve more livelihoods; and develop a marketing platform in Kathmandu for marketing of the briquettes.

As a pilot activity, ANSAB facilitated to establish five community-based briquette-producing enterprises and a marketing company named ‘Himalayan Naturals Pvt. Ltd.’ at national level with share holdings of community enterprises and private investors. ANSAB – partnering with Himalayan Naturals – facilitated for the product research and development; quality testing; required trainings of the value chain actors from production to marketing; recruitment of new retailers; street demonstration booths campaign; media campaign; trade fairs participation; supply chain and storage organization; and strengthening of the community enterprises. Recently, a bio-briquette producers association has also been formed. With this initiative, we estimate that about 10-20% population of Kathmandu became aware about the bio-briquette use, and the community enterprises were able to produce and sell over 250,000 pieces of briquettes in 2011.

Know on ANSAB’s Pro-poor Economic Development Program


Annual Report 2011

ANSAB has released its electronic version of 2011 Annual Report in its website. In addition to the traditional facts & figure about the organization’s operations, the report contains project per project updates, as well as reflexive piece by the Executive Director. An update of our Impact Tracking System also reveals that ANSAB’s interventions to date generated sales of US $7.91 million in annual monetary benefits for 84,120 economic participants while bringing 101,055 hectare of forest and meadow areas under the improved community management of 407 Community Forest User Groups (CFUGs), representing 61,755 households (HHs).

Download the report


Indian Gooseberry
Indian Mastiche
Rock foil
Long Piper
Wild asparagus
Love apple
Soap Pod
Indian Valerian

July 2012 prices in NRs./Kg. Average of two markets (Kathmandu and Nepalgunj) for Nepal; and four (Delhi, Tanakpur, Lucknow and Kolkata) for India. Variations calculated from the previous month.

Consult the complete price list (33 products)


ANSAB presents in Annual Kathmandu Conference on Nepal and the Himalaya

Executive Director Dr. Bhishma Subedi made a panel presentation on ANSAB’s experience on community forestry and value chain approach in establishing synergy between conservation and development in the first Annual Kathmandu Conference on Nepal and the Himalaya organized by Social Science Baha, Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studies and the Britain-Nepal Academic Council on July 18-21, 2012.  The presentation focused on the enterprise-oriented, community-based resource management and value chain development approach with special emphasis on ecological sustainability, social justice and equity, and economic efficiency that ANSAB designed and developed over the past decade. The presentation concluded with some of the lessons learned and suggestions on how a green and fair value chain can be developed for the benefit of local communities and natural environment.

Learn on ANSAB’s value and approach

HIPAT Chautari: A platform for bringing the current agricultural issues in limelight

ANSAB in association with HIPAT – a monthly agricultural magazine, has been organizing ‘HIPAT Chautari’ on monthly basis from March 2012 to bring the current agricultural issues in limelight. Each month, the program brings separate issues into discussion among the farmers, traders (retailers and wholesalers), experts and government officials related to the issue. The program has been designed to discuss on the issues and challenges raised by the farmers, identify the solution by the experts and government, and establish linkage of the farmers to the relevant organizations for the solution.

Following programs have been conducted since March 2012:

  • Mushroom in Nepal: Production and Challenges, March 2012
  • Vegetable Market of Kathmandu Valley, April 2012
  • Seed Market in Nepal: Opportunity and Challenges, May 2012
  • Banking and Financial sector and Agriculture in Nepal, June 2012
  • Model Agriculture Farm in Nepal, July 2012 

REDD+ pilot project makes forest-carbon payment to the three watershed

On July 18, 2012, three watersheds under the REDD+ pilot project in Nepal received a seed grant of US $95,000 as carbon payments for their contributions to sustainable conservation and management of forests. Joint Secretary of the Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Mr. Resham Bahadur Dangi handed check amount of US $44,188, US $26,122, and US $24,691 respectively to the REDD networks of Chanarwati watershed of Dolakha, Ludhikhola watershed of Gorkha, and Kayerkhola watershed of Chitwan districts.

The REDD+ pilot project is being implemented since 2010 in 105 CFUGs by Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources (ANSAB), International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and Federation of Community Forest Users, Nepal (FECOFUN) with the financial support of Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD) for the development of an institutional mechanism to ensure equitable benefit sharing and forest carbon payments to local communities. In this regard, a pilot Forest Carbon Trust Fund (FCTF) was established in 2011, which provides US$ 100,000 as seed money per year from 2011 to 2013. The first forest-carbon payment was made to the three watersheds by FCTF in 2011.

Know more on the REDD+ pilot project

Workshop on identification of monitoring indicators for ecosystem services

One of the workshops organized by ANSAB andCenter for International Forestry Research(CIFOR) on 23-24 July 2012 in Kathmandu identified the national level attributes and indicators of the Ecosystem Services in Nepal. The workshop was participated by the experts of the ecosystem services, technicians and field staffs involved in ForCES project, government people and community level people with knowledge on the ecosystem services. The workshop has been fruitful in the way towards the development of appropriate and measurable compliance and impact indicators to be incorporated into FSC national standards in Nepal.

Know about ForCES project


Delegates of the Yale Himalaya Initiatives visit a CFUG in Nepal with ANSAB

ANSAB organized a field trip to Goukhureshwor Community Forest User Group in Dhulikehel for the delegates of the Yale Himalaya Initiative(YHI). Sir Peter Crane – Dean of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Timothy Gregoire – Professor, K. Shivaramakrishnan – Professor and Director of the South Asian Studies, Mark Turin – YHI Program Director, Andrew Quintman – Assistant Professor, and Rajesh Thadani – Executive Director, CEDAR India were present in the field trip along with ANSAB’s Executive Director Bhishma Subedi, and the Research, Program Planning and Communication Specialist Sudarshan Khanal. Badri Jangam, the president of the CFUG briefed on the history, current activities and sustainability plan of the CFUG. The team also visited the Namo Buddha area and Thrangu Monastery and observed the cultural and natural landscape around the area.

ANSAB supports a Community Water Project in Dolakha

With the Global Green grants fund awarded to ANSAB for its charitable activities, ANSAB in collaboration with Himalayan Biotrade Limited (HBTL) supported the Ghulghule Masding Kapti Community Water Users Committee in Dolakha for their Community Water Supply Project. With a drinking water project, a total of 150 households in Masding and Kapti are directly benefitted. Out of beneficiary of 80 households in Masding, 15 households belong to underprivileged dalits and the remaining 65 households of indigenous communities –Sherpa and Gurung. Similarly, of the 70 beneficiary households in Kapti, 11 households represent dalits, 40 households to Gurung and the remaining 19 households belong to Chhetris.

Learn about Global Green Grants Fund


Training announcement on ‘Participatory Inventory of Non Timber Forest Products’

ANSAB is organizing a five-day residential training program on “Participatory Inventory of Non Timber Forest Products” from 20-24, August 2012 (Bhadra 4-8, 2069) in Budor, Banepa. As mentioned in the first feature story of this newsletter, it is one of the two training programs ANSAB is going to organize in 2012. Participants of the trainings will learn on the practical methods and tools to determine total stock and harvestable amount of the selected NTFPs and derive specific recommendations for forest management interventions.  For more information and details of the training, please click here.

Learn more on trainings offered by ANSAB


ANSAB is currently seeking qualified, dynamic and result-oriented persons for the following positions:

  • Program Officer (Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services and Climate Change)
  • Agriculturist
  • Expert Services

Find details of the vacancy