Himalayan Bioresources: Volume 7, Issue 1

Volume 7, Issue 1: January – February – March – April 2016

Forest certification for Ecosystem Services: Promoting responsible forest management at landscape level

Payment of Ecosystem Services (PES) is emerging as an important market-based solution to global efforts for climate change mitigation, biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction. There are emerging markets for ecosystem services, for example – forest carbon in the voluntary markets. But the business transactions for these services severely suffer from a lack of credibility and transparency. One of the reasons for this could be the lack of “instrumentation” developed for these markets. As Nepal has gained a unique experience in group certification for forest management as well as chain of custody certification, it is extremely relevant that Nepal should now explore the potential of enhancing the economic and environmental benefits through expanding forest certification by incorporating additional ecosystem services.

In this perspective, ANSAB joined hands with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) to develop a multi-country project “Expanding FSC Certification at Landscape level through Incorporation Additional Ecosystem Services (ForCES)” to be implemented with the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) grant and co-finance of various partners with the goal to improve and promote responsible forest management for a range of ecosystem services through the medium of FSC Certification. The project aims to incorporate expanded and enhanced global and national environmental standards of FSC certification which are applied to emerging markets for biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services as an initial step for upgrading successful models in order to improve ecosystem functions. Since October 2011, the project is being implemented in four countries namely, Nepal, Vietnam, Indonesia and Chile.

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PUBLICATIONS

Use of market-based incentives in watershed management: Driving the green economy through involving communities & the private Sector

This report just released by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) provides lessons for using the most successful market-based incentives to promote the adoption of sustainable land-use and watershed management practices to facilitate the reversal of ecosystem degradation and the protection of ecosystem services through strengthening and increasing direct participation and contribution by local communities, and the private sector. Lessons have been drawn from review of different case studies from Africa, Asia, Europe and America, demonstrating how market-based incentives have been used in different contexts. During the preparation of the book, ANSAB also shared practical experiences from the pilot REDD+ project implemented by ANSAB, ICIMOD and FECOFUN in community managed forests in three watershed regions of Nepal.

Find the publication  (PDF,3.74 MB) >>>

EVENTS

Community forestry, enterprises & livelihoods in Nepal: Innovations, progress & lessons

Executive Director, Dr. Bhishma P. Subedi, delivered a presentation on ‘Community Forestry, Enterprises & Livelihoods in Nepal: Innovations, Progress & Lessons’ to the members of BirdLife International, Bird Conservation Nepal (BCN) and few other organizations working in biodiversity sector in an interaction program organized by BCN on February 25, 2016 in Pokhara, Nepal. Based on ANSAB’s initiatives and experiences on forest based enterprises in livelihood improvement and biodiversity conservation over the past two decades, Dr. Subedi’s presentation highlighted on community based forest management approach, most promising forest based products and services, responsible business model for forest based industries, and the progress and achievements in forest management, conservation and livelihood improvement in the country through community based forest management approach.

Responsible business practices in NTFPs/MAPs sector

Executive Director, Dr. Bhishma P. Subedi, presented a key note speech on ‘Responsible Business Practices in NTFP/MAPs Sector’ in a capacity enhancement training organized by Nepal Herbs and Herbal Products Association (NEHPPA) for its members on February 19, 2016 in Kathmandu, Nepal. Dr. Subedi’s presentation underlined the concept, elements and core principles of business responsibility, current business trends and responsible business standards. Sharing the case of FSC certified handmade paper value chain developed by ANSAB in Nepal, Dr. Subedi provided key learnings for the responsible business practices that balances the triple bottom lines of economic, social and environmental sustainability.

ANSAB contributes to the development of Ecosystem Services procedural document

Mr. Shambhu Charmakar, Manager-Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services and Climate Change participated in a meeting organized by Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) from March 2-4, 2016 in Bonn, Germany for the development of an Ecosystem Services (ES) procedural document –  “Demonstrating the Impacts of Forest Stewardship on Ecosystem Services (ES Procedure – FSC-PRO-30-002)”. The document provides new tools for certificate holders to measure positive impact that FSC certification has on ecosystem services and provide basis for making credible promotional claims based on the results of those measurements.

MARKET PRICE

February 2016 prices in NRs./Kg. Average of two markets (Kathmandu and Nepalgunj) for Nepal; and four (Delhi, Tanakpur, Lucknow and Kolkata) for India. Variations calculated from the previous month.

IN BRIEF

Solar powered irrigation system provides water for agricultural activities in abandoned barren land in Bajura district

A newly installed solar powered irrigation system in remote Wai village of Bajura district has helped to irrigate about 20 ha of barren land in Wai village of Bajura district benefitting over 200 households. The land is at 90m head from the free flowing Karnali river and was abandoned for more than two decades because of lack of water. The irrigation system was installed in the village as part of the “Climate Smart Agriculture in the Himalaya – an Innovative Green Business Model for Food Security and Poverty Reduction of Mountainous Communities of Nepal’’ (CSA Bajura) implemented by ANSAB, ICCO cooperation, Mission East and Innovative Agro Solutions, and inaugurated by Janak Giri, former Hon’ble State Minister of Land Reform and Management, Government of Nepal.

As part of the project, another irrigation system was installed in Bandhu village in September 2015, that has now helped irrigation of 9.5 ha of land. Locals have now cultivated the land with wheat and vegetables, which has helped to meet daily food need of the community in one of the most food insecure district. In addition, with technical facilitation of seed experts from Bangladesh, and development of a supply chain with buy back guarantee, some of the land has been used for the production of high value crop seeds providing income opportunities to the locals.

The agribusiness project – CSA Bajura has been implemented in the district since September 2014 for the development and piloting of the green business model consisting of community-private partnership to produce a balance of most remunerative and locally important products for food, nutrition and income security using climate smart technologies.

60 community health workers receive health care kits

60 community health workers (CHWs) in Chitwan and Rupandehi districts have been provided with health care kits. The kits were distributed in presence of Dr. Ram Kumar Karki, District Livestock Services Office (DLSO) and Mr. Madhusudan Koirala, District Public Health Office (DPHO) in Chitwan district and Dr. Gandhi Raj Upadhyay, DLSO and Mr. Tanka Prasad Chapagain in Rupandehi district. The CHWs received training on primary veterinary and medical services on August 2015 with the One Health Asia Program (OHAP), implemented in Nepal by ANSAB in partnership with Relief International and financial assistance from the European Union. The medical kit consisting of basic veterinary health care equipment, personal protective equipment and mobile phones along with microscope and portable cool box for the community level paravets and bicycles to the female community health volunteers were distributed after refresher trainings in March 2016. It is expected that the kits provided at the community level will ease the basic primary care and treatment at the community level.

OHAP is being implemented in Banke, Rupandehi and Chitwan districts and a total of 90 CHWs received training. Medical kits will be provided to the CHWs in Banke district in early April.

Drinking water and sanitation project inaugurated in Dolakha district

In a program organized by Simpani Muhan drinking water and sanitation committee on January 30, 2016, David Hircock, Natural Resources Advisor to the President of Aveda Corporation inaugurated the Jiri Drinking Water and Sanitation Project in Dolakha district. Melissa Chelminiak–Aveda’s Director Mission, Partner and Stakeholder Engagement, David McClellan – Aveda’s Director of New Media, Parbat Gurung – Honorable Member of Nepalese Parliament, Sudarshan Khanal – ANSAB’s Research, Planning and Communication Manager, Khilendra Gurung- Himalayan Biotrade (HBTL’s), Export and Technical Manager were present during the inauguration program. The drinking water and sanitation program includes the construction and maintenance of 5 intakes, 6 reservoirs and 45 end-user water traps, and 3 toilets in a primary school at the community level, and has directly benefitted 142 households in Khawa village of Jiri, Dolakha district.

Over the past 5 years, ANSAB has been implementing drinking water and sanitation program with financial assistance from Aveda/Global Greengrants Fund, which has constructed drinking water systems in 9 different communities of Dolakha, Sindhupalchok and Surkhet districts, which have provided access to clean drinking water to 520 households and 2 schools with about 250 students.

ANNOUNCEMENT

Training on project impact assessment

ANSAB is organizing a six-day international training on ‘Project Impact Assessment’ from April 27 to May 2, 2016 in Kathmandu. Registration to the training has been made by international participants and a limited number of seats are available for participants from Nepal.

Interested professionals are requested to apply for the training no later than April 20, 2016. Seats are filled on a first come first serve basis.

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