Impact of sub-group model on participation and livelihood improvement of poor and women


Author:
Babu Ram Pokhrel
Publisher: Institute of Forestry, Tribhuwan University
Language: English
Date of Publication: December 2009
Number of Pages: 49+13
Price: Free

The study entitled “Impact of sub-group model on participation and livelihood improvement of poor and women” – A case study of Dharedhunga and Jhingan sub-groups of Shankhadevi CFUG, Dolakha was conducted to fulfill the objective of analyzing the impact of sub-group model for participation and livelihood improvement of poor and women. The study is descriptive in nature. Out of the twenty-two sub-groups in the district, 10% of sampling intensity was conceded. For the primary data collection, household interviews, key informants interviews, direct observation, sub-group meeting, and group discussion were used. Data were analyzed using simple statistical tools. Secondary data were collected mainly from the CFUG records, ANSAB records and other various sources. Questionnaire and checklist were used as the tools of data collection. The study sub-groups were formed in 2005 through ANSAB support programme. About ten ha of community forest land has allocated to each sub-groups. The sub-groups have 45 households comprising of all from ethnic community. Potato farming, domestic alcohol production, retail shop and labour work for construction are the major occupations of these households. The educational status for higher education was found poor. The sub-group representation of women and men were 89% and 11% respectively. Study reveals that one- third of the sub-group members are of identified poor households. These poor were selected simply from the general assembly as many CFUGs select using well being ranking method. The positive impact of sub-group is seen as the plantation of Argeli (Edgeworthia gardnerii) with a good stock of approximately 225 kg per ha (dry weight). They have mobilized their micro-saving fund of Rs 38,445/- three times in a year for different income generation activities. A good participation for general assembly and sub-group meeting from women and poor, well inclusiveness ofpoor and women in sub-groups, the decrease in the demand of fuelwood by 29%, availability of leaflitter in allocated land are the major findings of the study. Overall conclusion shows that the impact of sub-group model for participation and livelihood improvement of poor and women is very constructive and encouraging so that it can influence a wide range of community forestry programme in Nepal.

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